Breeding Catteries are used to breed cats either as a hobby, or on a for-profit commercial basis.
It is important to note that in the United States of America, there are two highly recognized organizations for the operation of a cattery. These are The Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) and The International Cat Association (TICA).
These cat registries award certificates for catteries that have been inspected for healthy environments. Additionally, they provide breeding regulations which ensure the overall safety and health of the participating cats.
The two main concerns when it comes to establishing a cattery are to first create an acceptable cat housing operation, and then manage the environment effectively. The main issues to consider when it comes to a cattery are space, air, light, food, water, and sanitation.
Husbandry is also vital, defined as the control and management (including production and care) of a branch of agriculture pertaining to domestic animals. When first establishing your physical building, it is important to think of how large you desire your operation to grow.
You will need to decide if your operation will be caged, or uncaged. Even if you choose an open plan where the cats are free to roam at all times, you must have access to cages in case of illness or aggression. These cages must be to code and contain access to fresh food and water.
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It is important that a cattery stays up to date in regards to the health of all their cats. It is recommended that before breeding begins, to take the cats to the vet to check for worms, FIV, FELV, as well as any other genetic diseases. This is because ailments such as these are passed down generation to generation.
In addition to regular medical care for the cats, it is also necessary to provide them with high-quality foods such as Wellness or Blue Buffalo. Although it can be tempting to purchase discount foods, it is not recommended as they are generally composed of by-products and fillers such as corn or wheat.
Let it be noted that maintaining a clean environment for the cats is completely vital in sustaining their health and overall safety. If you find it is an abundant amount of work to complete, hire a cleaning service to drop by once or twice a week to assist you.
In addition, it is important to note that you must do your research in regards to the lineage and characteristics of the cat breed you choose to work with. A majority of cat breeds have very complex breeding standards to follow.
You will obtain one CFA registered female, and then begin to look for a certified male. It is important to note where you obtained your female, as it is possible that her breeder will have insight as to an appropriate male to compliment her lineage and coloring.
If your establishment is producing more than seventy-five kittens per calendar year, it is vital for you to undergo a yearly inspection to ensure the cats overall health, well-being, and safety of their environment.
You can have any licensed veterinarian complete this inspection, and then mail the completed form to the central office of The Cat Fanciers Association. Your inspection report will be mailed to you, and you will be able to continue with any and all breeding operations.